This dissertation focuses on the experiences of a community in the Philippines known as the Black Amerasians (a population born from the union of African American servicemen and Filipina women). Drawing upon ethnographic fieldwork with Black Amerasians living near the homes to two of the largest former U.S. military bases, I examine how members of this community form and negotiate their identities while living near militarized zones, and I analyze how they grapple with racist and gendered mythologies that assign Blackness a marginalized space in the Philippine social hierarchy. I employ a range of methodologies including autoethnography, visual ethnography, and oral histories (conducted in Kapampangan and Tagalog) to describe how this population manifests agency and survival strategies in response to anti-Blackness in the Philippines. Afro-Amerasians: Blackness in the Philippine Imaginary is the first study to document the Black Amerasian experience in the Philippines. This project contributes to the growing body of scholarship on Blackness in the Pacific.